Venice is really a city about atmosphere. While there is no shortage of sights, do not lose what you came here for, which is the unique environment and beautiful setting. While Venice can be crowded as a tourist destination, you can avoid much of these crowds if you get up early. Wake up for sunrise and you'll see the city when it is its most beautiful. The dramatic lighting of the sun coming above the horizon creates an absolutely surreal setting, and it is an experience you will share with very few other tourists. It is possible to see a side of Venice that many tourists miss, you just have to think creatively and plan ahead.
Spring and fall are the best times to visit Venice. The weather isn't too bad and the tourist crowds are not at a peak. During the winter months, between November and January, you could see a much quieter and peaceful side of Venice, but the weather is usually cold, windy and damp. It can also be very foggy. Summer is the most crowded time, but it is still worth visiting Venice, pretty much any time of the year.
Several times a year the water levels in Venice rise and flood the city. This is most common in the colder months and it usually only lasts a few hours during high tide. Sirens sound during the flooding periods to alert residents and businesses to the hazard.
SightsVenice is a city for wandering, but while you're wandering, be sure and stop off at some of the must see spots along the way. Of course you can't leave Venice without seeing Saint Mark's Basilica, which is centrally located in Piazza San Marco. Get up early when the light is low and the crowds are thin for the best views and photographic opportunities. Head to Doge's Palace, and also go to the top of the Bell Tower of St. Mark. If you want to do some great day trips, hop on a boat and go to Murano to see its famous glass blowing. Also, the colored town of Burano is absolutely beautiful and a great place to grab a good pastry. Either of these towns can be reached with a short ferry trip. They can also be combined into one days trip together.
NeighborhoodsThe historical center of Venice is divided into six districts. These are referred to as "sestieri" and include Cannaregio, Castello, San Marco, Dorsoduro, San Polo, and Santa Croce. The outlying islands in the lagoon as also considered part of Venice. Some of these include Giudecca, S. Michele, Murano, Mazzorbo, Burano, Torcello, Sant' Erasmo. S. Francesco del Deserto and Lido. Mestre, on the mainland is also considered part of Venice.
ActivitiesFestivals and events are plentiful in Venice. Some of the most popular include Voga Lona, or a manpowered boat race, Regata 'Storica, which displays historical Venetian boats, the Venice International Film Festival, and of course, Carnival of Venice.
Food and DiningThere are some very good restaurants in Venice that offer local cuisine. Pizza in the city is considered some of the worst in Italy and is best avoided, but local specialties like polenta and risotto with cuttlefish ink sauce are usually of great quality and highly recommended. Restaurants can be hit or miss though, so it is best to do some research and read reviews before you choose a place. In general, avoid the places where there are waiters outside asking for your business.
One beautiful area to dine is near the Rialto bridge. There is a row of restaurants with tables by the canal. You can eat by the lights of the canal and enjoy a quintessential Venetian experience. Prices can be inflated though, so make sure you look at a menu before choosing a spot.