Aix-en-Provence On a Budget
SightsThe Cours Mirabeau is a wide thoroughfare, planted with double rows of plane-trees, bordered by fine houses and decorated by fountains. It follows the line of the old city wall and divides the town into two sections. The new town extends to the south and west; the old town, with its narrow, irregular streets and its old mansions dating from the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries, lies to the north. Along this avenue, which is lined on one side with banks and on the other with cafes, is the Deux Garcons, the most famous brasserie in Aix-en-Provence.
The Cathedral of the Holy Saviour is situated to the north in the medieval part of Aix-en-Provence. Built on the site of a former Roman forum and an adjacent basilica, it contains a mixture of all styles from the 5th to the 17th century, including a richly decorated portal in the Gothic style with doors elaborately carved in walnut. The interior contains 16th-century tapestries, a 15th-century triptych, depicting King Rene and his wife on the side panels, as well as a Merovingian baptistery, its Renaissance dome supported by original Roman columns. The archbishop's palace (Palais de l'Archeveche) and a Romanesque cloister connect to the cathedral on its south side.
The Hotel de Ville, a building in the classical style of the middle of the 17th century, looks onto a picturesque square (place de l'Hotel de Ville). It contains some fine woodwork and tapestries. At its side rises a beautiful clock-tower erected in 1510.
NeighborhoodsThe Cours Mirabeau is one of Europe's great boulevards. The first thing you're likely to see when you arrive, it cuts a dash of Parisian Left Bank chic and sophistication under the sun of Aix-en-Provence. On the south side of the thoroughfare, the 17th and 18th century houses are occupied today by banks and businesses. On the north, sunny side, an array of bookshops and enticing pavement cafés are an invitation to linger, or to dive into the labyrinthine Old Town behind them.
Aix-en-Provence's Old Town is perfectly poised to seduce the visitor with its winding streets, craft shops, boutiques, restaurants, elegant squares, refreshing fountains, markets - and all steeped in centuries, if not millennia, of history. You can get a free fold-out map from the Aix en Provence Tourist Office with brief notes on the most important buildings and sights, which include the place d'Alberta, Palais de Justice, the Church of the Maiden, and many others, plus the many colorful markets that line the streets daily.
The Mazarin Quarter is Aix-en-Provence's answer to the Marais in Paris. Like it, this ultra-elegant residential district was built on marshland just outside what was then the city walls and swiftly became the most desirable address in town.
ActivitiesAix holds two significant musical events each year. The first is the Festival d'Aix-en-Provence, An important opera festival, the Festival international d'Art Lyrique, founded in 1948, now ranks with those in Bayreuth, Salzburg and Glyndebourne. The festival takes place in late June and July each year. The main venues in Aix-en-Provence itself are the outdoor Theatre de l'Archeveche in the former garden of the archbishop's palace, the recently restored 18th-century Theatre du Jeu de Paume, and the newly built Grand Theatre de Provence; operas are also staged in the outdoor Theatre du Grand Saint-Jean outside Aix-en-Provence.
The second event is the Musique dans la Rue, which takes place each year in June to coincide with the national Fete de la Musique. There is a week of classical, jazz and popular concerts held in different street venues and courtyards in the city. Some of these events are held in the Conservatoire Darius Milhaud, named in honor of the French composer, a native of Aix.