Palermo has a Mediterranean climate that has hot summers and cool and wet winters. It is actually one of the hottest cities in Europe with an average annual air temperature of 18.5 degrees Celsius. Snow is very rare but not unheard of. The sea is an average temperature of 14 degrees Celsius in the winter and 26 degrees Celsius in the summer.
SightsAlthough Palermo is probably not the first city that comes to mind when you plan a trip to Italy, it offers a unique and different perspective on the country. Despite its lack of fame as a tourist destination, there are many historic and impressive sights throughout the city such as Quattro Canti, Catacombe dei Cappuccini, Palazzo dei Normanni, and the Gesu Church. If you want to see some of the city's Art-Nouveau then head to the area of Viale della Liberta Avenue and wander between the Politeama Theater and Piazza Croci. This area is referred to as Palermo's Avenue des Champs-Elysees.
NeighborhoodsPalermo's layout was established during medieval times. There are three outdoor markets that date back hundreds of years and create the boundaries of the area. There are also four historical districts that are referred to as mandamenti. These areas each have their own historic character.
Notable neighborhoods today include La Kalsa, which was the Arabic headquarters. It still maintains its Arabic character today.
La Vucciria was once at the vibrant heart of the city but today it has mainly butcher shops, fishmongers and old houses. It is a great place to grab a bite to eat.
Il Ballaro was another historic market that is still popular with locals and visitors alike.
Il Capo is a market with a lot of character remaining. There are winding streets and alleyways that give it the feel of a bazaar. Notable sights in this neighborhood include Teatro Massimo, Chiesa di Sant'Agostino and Chiesa dell'Immacolata Concezione.
Albergheria is the fourth mandamenti and it has wandering alleyways, interesting buildings, and some new cafes spread throughout.
Castellammare is named for the castle that once overlooked the sea, but is home today to a handful of sights.
Finally, the New City has many impressive squares, some of the wealthiest parts of the city, and the area where the Art Nouveau movement took over.
ActivitiesActivities in Palermo include dining at the interesting restaurants, wandering around the city or taking a sailboat cruise. These cruises let you enjoy sightseeing from the water, snorkeling, drinking, eating and soaking up some sun. If you have some spare time while you're in town then they can be a different way to experience Sicily.
Food and DiningFood in Sicily is somewhat different from elsewhere in Italy. You should definitely make a point of trying some of the regional specialties. Spaghetti ai ricci is a pasta dish that is prepared with sea urchin. Pasta alle sarde is pasta with anchovies, and arancine is a street food that is essentially a deep fried rice croquette. Also be sure and try the panino con la milza or panelle. These can be found at any of the sandwich stands that are spread throughout the old city center. Being the island's largest city, Palermo is a particularly good city to sample Sicilian food as the options are plentiful and quite diverse. They are also reasonably priced.
TransportationMany people choose to fly into Palermo International Airport, which is located 32 kilometers to the west of the city. There are a variety of alternatives to arrive on the island though. There are ferries that make their way between Palermo and the cities of Salerno, Genoa, Civitavecchia, Livorno, Naples, Valleta (Malta), and Cagliari (Sardinia). There's also a train that runs from Rome and Naples using the train ferry that crosses the Messina Straits.
Once you arrive, there's really no need to use public transportation in Palermo as most of the sights of interest are within walking distance. If you hope to explore the city in more detail there is a bus system. You can purchase a full days (24 hours) pass for only four euros.