The city is located in the southeastern part of England along the River Thames. In general, its climate is milder and drier than the rest of the UK, although you can still expect a short rainstorm every third day. The Gulf Stream keeps the winters relatively mild, with an average temperature of around 8 degrees Celsius. There are a few snowstorms a year, but usually nothing too heavy. If there is an unusually heavy snowstorm, you can expect significant delays on public transportation.
London is a world renowned, international travel destination with major sights that appeal to most travelers. From museums, to nightlife and culture, London truly has something for everybody. The large and accessible airports make it a popular first stop for anybody heading to Europe.
SightsThere really are an infinite number of sights around London. Some of the most notable include Buckingham Palace, which is the official residence of the Queen, the London Eye, which is the world's third largest observation wheel, Piccadilly Circus, St. Paul's Cathedral, Tower Bridge, the Tower of London, Trafalgar Square, Westminster Abbey, and many more.
London is a city that is best explored by district. Plan your days to efficiently move around and maximize your time. If you're short on time, then having a well thought out itinerary is your best option to make sure you see and do everything that you want.
NeighborhoodsThe term "Greater London" refers to both Central London and the outlying suburbs. Central London is where you will find the majority of the tourist attractions and historical parts of the city.
The City of London (or The City), is the original city within the Roman city walls. This is now a financial center with large skyscrapers interspersed with historic churches and ancient streets.
Bloomsbury is the historic district that many turn-of-the-century writers called home. It's also where you will find the British Museum, the University of London, and plenty of parks and historic buildings.
Covent Garden is a major shopping and entertainment district, while the city's most impressive shopping street is found in Mayfair-Marylebone. Leicester Square is in the West End with Chinatown, Trafalgar Square and Piccadilly Circus. There's a vibrant market in Notting Hill-North Kensington and Soho is the place to go for interesting restaurants, cafes, and nightlife. The London Eye is in South Bank. Westminster has a huge number of historical and cultural sights including Buckingham Palace, The Palace of Westminster and Westminster Abbey.
ActivitiesThere are activities for everyone in London. Whether you're interested in theater, live music, outdoor activities, or social events, it is almost guaranteed that something will be going on during your time in the city. It's a good idea to pick up a copy of the magazine, "Time Out London", which will give you a listing of everything going on around town. This magazine can be found at most corner shops and news stands.
Food and DiningThere is an infinite supply of food options in London. Almost any ethnic food is available somewhere, and local cuisine can be enjoyed anywhere from local pubs to high end restaurants. Fast food is a cheap option if you're on a very tight budget, but the quality can be low. Fish and chips is a popular favorite, and can usually be found for a good price. As with other tourist towns, it is best to avoid any restaurants in or around major tourist attractions. These prices are usually inflated and the quality of the food can be low. Instead, head to some local neighborhoods and pop into a local pub or cafe.
Meals usually include a 20% VAT tax and some places also add a service fee of between 10% and 12%. If the service fee hasn't been added in, then you should leave a tip for table service. Tipping is usually between 10% and 15% depending on the quality of the service.